Problem B: Combination Lock
Now that you're back to school for another term, you need to remember how
to work the combination lock on your locker. A common design is that of
the Master Brand, shown at right. The lock has a dial with 40 calibration
marks numbered 0 to 39. A combination consists of 3 of these numbers;
for example: 15-25-8. To open the lock, the following steps are taken:
- turn the dial clockwise 2 full turns
- continue turning clockwise until the first number of the combination is reached
- turn the dial counter-clockwise 1 full turn
- continue turning counter-clockwise until the 2nd number is reached
- turn the dial clockwise again until the 3rd number is reached
- pull the shank and the lock will open.
Given the initial position of the dial and the combination for the lock,
how many degrees is the dial rotated in total (clockwise plus counter-clockwise)
in opening the lock?
Input consists of several test cases. For each case there is a line of
input containing 4 numbers between 0 and 39. The first number is the
position of the dial. The next three numbers are the combination.
Consecutive numbers in the combination will be distinct. A line
containing 0 0 0 0 follows the last case.
For each case, print a line with a single integer: the number of
degrees that the dial must be turned to open the lock.
0 30 0 30
5 35 5 35
0 20 0 20
7 27 7 27
0 10 0 10
9 19 9 19
0 0 0 0
Output for Sample Input
G. V. Cormack